hound dog breed facts and traits

Basset Hounds were bred to hunt small game like rabbits and are still used for this purpose in some parts of the United States. When they’re not on the rabbit trail, they are relaxed family friends who love children.


Although they are purebred dogs, you may find Bassets in shelters or in the care of rescue groups. If this is the right breed for you, then opt for adoption if possible!

Basset hounds were bred to hunt small game like rabbits and are still used for this purpose in some parts of the United States. When they’re not on the rabbit trail, they are comfortable family friends who love children.


Although they are purebred dogs, you may find Bassets in shelters or in the care of rescue groups. If this is the right breed for you, then opt for adoption if possible!

See below for a complete list of Basset Hound breed facts and characteristics!

More About This Breed

It may be known as the Hush Puppy Dog, but the Basset Hound is much more than an advertisement icon. With his calm personality and short stature yet noble appearance, the Basset Hound is a popular family companion, as well as a slow-paced but enthusiastic hound.


The name Basset comes from the French word bas, which means subscript. Basset hounds are definitely low to the ground. Because they are heavy and muscular, they usually weigh 50 to 65 pounds even though they are no more than 14 inches long at the highest point of the shoulder. In fact, they are large dogs on short legs. Their short-legged appearance is the result of a form of dwarfism called achondroplasia. Despite its large size, the Basset believes it is a small dog and will do its best to suit you.

Bassets are scent hounds, which means that they were bred to hunt by following the scent of their prey. Their sense of smell is second only to that of Bloodhound.


Basset Hounds have coats that are soft, short, and have a firm texture that are relatively easy to care for. Most come in the classic three-tone pattern of black, tan, and white, but they can also be what is known as open red and white (red spots on a white coat), closed red and white (solid red with white feet and tail), or lemon and white. Sometimes you may see gray basset (also called blue), but this color is considered undesirable because it is believed to be linked to genetic problems.

The Basset Hound has a round skull with a deep muzzle and a lot of loose skin on the face, which crease strongly above the eyebrow when it tracks down the dog. This loose skin also causes a sad look of bast, which many people think adds to their charm.


Since they were originally bred to be hunting dogs, many of the features of Basset Hounds have a purpose. Their long, low ears pull on the ground and pick up scents, while the flabby skin around their heads forms wrinkles that add to the scent attraction of whatever they track.

Their short legs mean they move more slowly than dogs with long legs, making it easier for hunters on foot to follow them. Their tails are long and stand erect with a white tip at the end, making it easy for hunters to see when dogs are in tall grass. Basset hounds also have huge feet and their front feet turn slightly outward to balance out shoulder width.

Around the house, quiet and fairly quiet. They are loyal to their people and have a kind and friendly disposition. Since they were originally bred as plush dogs, they love to be with their families and also do well with other pets. Basset hates being left alone for long periods of time, and can become devastating and howl if left alone for too long. Distinctive bay bark is loud and travels long distances.

Basset Hounds are heavy eaters, but because they are not very active at home, they can gain weight and become obese quickly, which can cause back and leg problems. Regular exercise is a must. Basset has a great deal of stamina, so it enjoys long walks.


When you walk the Basset, know that it likes to be tracked. If he picks up a scent that he wants to follow, he can get around if not tied up. The Basset is single-wielding when he gets behind the scent and follows it on the street in front of the car if it is not tied or confined to a fence.

Lots of Basset Horses channel their dogs’ remarkable scent tracking skills at organized tracking events called basseting, which take place primarily in Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Basset is a natural ingredient in earning tracking titles, hunting test and field trials, but it has also been known to successfully compete in agility, obedience and assembly, given its patient coach.


Patience is definitely a virtue when it comes to training a basset. Unless you can convince him that it is something he wants to do, he can be stubborn and difficult to train. Many Basset Hounds will obey commands when serving food, but they will not obey them if you do not have a tasty treat to offer them.

Training your basset at home is also a challenge, but with patience and perseverance, you can train and equip your basset. Just make sure to use gentle, positive training methods. Basset Hounds are emotionally sensitive and will shut down if handled roughly.


Basset Hounds have unique sounds. It usually howls (sometimes called a bay) in place of the bark. They also have a unique and submerged moan that they use when they want attention or beg for food. Thanks to their cheerful expressions, they often manage to win Chinese food, pizza, french fries and other delicious fast food..


Well-bred Bassets are generally calm, relaxed, and happy dogs. They are very gentle with children and other pets. Their biggest flaw is their tendency to drool and howl when they are alone or sound the alarm. If you can bear its idiosyncrasies, the basset can be a great family companion, as happy to wander around the house as it is to hunt.



Like all hounds, Basset Hounds can be stubborn and difficult to train and store. Cage training is recommended.

If they catch an interesting scent, Basset Hounds may try to follow them, no matter how much danger it poses to them. Keep your basset on the leash when you are out and not in a fenced yard. Also, take him to an obedience class and make sure he responds well to Come. Use kindness and patience to train him. Hounds of all types usually think for themselves and do not respond well to harsh training techniques.

One of the main reasons Basset Hounds are being abandoned for rescue or adoption is because they “drool a lot”. Due to the sagging skin around their mouths, they also tend to make a mess when drinking. If you are a fast-paced housekeeper and can’t stand drooling, Basset Hound isn’t the best option for you.

Basset Hounds often have flatulence. If this problem appears to be excessive, speak to your veterinarian. A change in diet may help.

Obesity is a real problem for Basset dogs. They love to eat and will overeat if given the opportunity. If they gain too much weight, they may begin to have joint and back problems. Divide the food according to the condition of the baset, not the recommendation on the bag or carton.

Since Basset Hounds are prone to bloating (which is a potentially fatal condition), it is best to feed them two or three small meals a day rather than one large meal a day. Do not allow Basset to exercise vigorously after eating, and monitor him for about an hour after eating to make sure he is fine.

Basset’s long ears should be checked and cleaned every week to help prevent ear infections. You may find that you need to wash your ears a lot, as they can draw out puddles and pick up dirt as they drag the floor.

Basset hounds can howl loudly, especially if left for long periods of time.

Although your Basset Hound is amazingly strong and agile with such short legs, it is best to dissuade him from jumping, for example, from a car. Hold him and support his back to ensure he is not hurt.

Basset hounds can suffer from joint problems as they grow. Try not to let the puppy overstuff while he’s playing and discourage him from jumping on and off furniture.

With two-thirds of their body weight in front of their bodies, Basset Hounds are not great swimmers. Do not allow a Basset Hound to fall into the pool as it can get into trouble quickly.

To have a healthy dog, do not purchase a puppy from a backyard breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests breeding dogs to ensure they are free of genetic diseases that might transmit them to the puppies, and that they have a healthy temperament.


Trust the French to develop such a distinctive breed, by their appearance “jolly”, jolly meaning very ugly, or unconventionally attractive. The name Basset means “low” and in France it indicates an outstanding level of hounds in terms of height.


The Basset Hound was likely descended from the Saint Hubert Hound, the ancestor of the current bloodhound, and appeared when a mutation in the Saint Hubert breed resulted in a short-legged or dwarf dog. Dwarf hounds were probably kept as a curiosity and then later bred intentionally when their ability to track rabbits and hare under the brushes was observed in dense forests.

The first recorded mention of Basset Hounds was in an illustrated book on hunting, La Venerie, written by Jacques de Voyo in 1585. From the illustrations, it appears that early French Basset Hounds resembled currently the Norman Basset Artisan, a breed dog known today in France.


Basset Hounds were first known to the French aristocracy, but after the French Revolution they became hounds for the common people who needed a dog that they could follow on foot, and not reach the horses. They made their way to Britain by the middle of the nineteenth century. Lord Galloway imported a pair to England in 1866 and they produced a litter of five pups, but he did not show them so they remained relatively unknown.

Then, in 1874, Sir Everett Millais imported a dog from France called the Basset Hound. Millais promoted the breed in England and began a breeding program in his own dog breeding as well as in association with breeding programs established by Lord Onslow and George Creel. For his efforts to gain publicity for the city of Basset Hound in England, Melle is considered the “father of the dynasty” in England.


The Bassett was first shown at the English Dog Show in 1875, but it wasn’t until it helped make a major entry to the Wolverhampton Show in 1880 that the public began to notice the breed. A few years later, the breed became even more popular when Princess of Wales kept the Basset Hounds in royal kennels. In 1882, the England Kennel Club accepted the breed, and in 1884 the English Basset Hound Club was formed.

Although the Basset may have come to America in the colonial era, the breed did not appear in the United States until the early 20th century. The American Kennel Club (AKC) began registering Basset Hounds in 1885, and it was the first dog called the Bouncer, but it was not until 1916 that the AKC officially recognized the breed.


The year 1928 was a turning point for the Basset Hound in America. That year, Time magazine appeared on the front cover of the Basset Hound and ran an accompanying story about the 52nd Annual Westminster Kennel Show in Madison Square Garden written as if through the eyes of a Basset Hound puppy. The magic of the Basset Hound was discovered, and from that moment on, the Basset Hound’s popularity began to increase.